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Schizophrenia

Symptoms of Schizophreniform Disorder

Rashmi Nemade, Ph.D. & Mark Dombeck, Ph.D.

Schizophreniform Disorder

sad woman This disorder is similar to but milder than schizophrenia. To be diagnosed, a person must have 2 or more of the following symptoms for a significant part of the time during a 1-month or longer period:

  • Delusions - fixed, mistaken ideas that the person holds. These are often odd or incorrect ideas about themselves and the world around them.
  • Hallucinations - sensations that only the person experiences. This can include voices speaking to them that only they can hear.
  • Disorganized Speech - this can be switching topics frequently while talking, giving answers to questions that weren't asked or not being understandable by others.
  • Very Disorganized or Catatonic Behavior - this might be childlike "silliness" or being agitated or irritated without a reason, or showing no reactions to the world around them.
  • Negative Symptoms - this might be not having the full range of emotional expression that others do, having poor eye contract and little body movement; or not showing interest in participating in activities.

Additional criteria include:

  • the episode must last for at least 1 month, but less than 6 months.
  • schizoaffective disorder and depressive or bipolar disorder with psychotic features have been ruled out.
  • the symptoms are not the result of a substance/medication taken or another medical condition.

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